Female sterilization, tubal occlusion, bandaging of pipes, voluntary surgical contraception is called a surgical procedure, due to which the woman’s ability to conceive and give birth to a child is lost. This is a highly effective method of contraception. The mechanism of sterilization is that it creates artificial obstruction in the fallopian tubes. Fertilization becomes impossible, as the egg is permanently isolated from spermatozoa. Various technologies are used. Pipes can be bandaged, crossed, excised, clogged, clamped with a special clamp. Voluntary sterilization is only allowed for a woman of senior reproductive age (after thirty-five years old) who already has at least one child and no desire to have children in the future.
What you need to know about female sterilization
Sterilization is usually performed by laparoscopic surgery. A laparoscope is called a narrow tube, which must be inserted under endoscopic control into the abdominal cavity through a small incision. The doctor manipulates the laparoscope, clamps the uterine tubes. Such an operation is considered reversible. The clamp from the pipe can be removed. In theory, the ability to conceive and give birth can be restored. But in practice it usually turns out that the degree of patency of pipes after such an operation can be restored with great difficulty. It is also possible to complete excision of the uterine tube.
In some cases, there are situations that are associated with illness or disability, in which the birth of a baby can be very dangerous for the life and health of the mother. When the use of intrauterine or hormonal contraceptives is contraindicated, sterilization becomes an indispensable tool. After that, a woman is able to live a full sexual life, not to fear pregnancy, not to expect possible negative consequences for her health.
Sterilization does not cause changes in the hormonal system, the physical state, the psyche. According to medical research, sexual activity can even increase.
It is important to remember that sterilization can protect against unplanned pregnancy, but not from diseases that are sexually transmitted, HIV infection. When there is a risk of infection, use a condom.
The surgical method of contraception can be resorted to by families who have children and a strong belief that in the future they will not want replenishment in the family. It is also important to note that surgery is always the possibility of complications that are associated with anesthesia and the operation itself.